Mahonia aquifolium
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Mahonia aquifolium

hollyleaved barberry
holly mahonia
Oregon grape holly

  family berberidaceae 
  genus mahonia 

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Genus  Mahonia Species  aquifolium Variety  Cultivar  Common names  hollyleaved barberry   holly mahonia   Oregon grape holly Family  BERBERIDACEAE Specimen number  S11540 Data source  DyePl p91;DyeFib p95;GrUnFr p256;HtZn p139;Frgnt p118;Xeri p303;Xeri p301
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit    Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Fertile Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 05a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Mahonia aquifolium has a colorful display of berries in the fall and early winter. Bird-lovers will appreciate this plant. Holly mahonia (also known as hollyleaved barberry and Oregon grape holly) has mild pungent flowers. This whole plant has been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Greenish yellow is the most typical color produced by this plant. This species can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -20� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species does well in fertile soils. It usually does best in dry soils. This plant can survive for a while without water.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities  Attracts birds Other interest  powder blue berries turn blue-black over Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries are 1/4 inch round or oblong, black colored skins with a violet bloom, slightly acidic soft flesh, hanging in 2 to 3 inch grape-like clusters. Mahonia aquifolium is most often used in jelly.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  fragrant flowers. peculiar but agreeable odor Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Pungent Dye parts  Whole plant Dye color  greenish yellow
Propagule  Seed   Suckers   Cutting Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Jelly Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries Description of edible parts 1/4 inch round or oblong, black colored skins with a violet bloom, slightly acidic soft flesh, hanging in 2 to 3 inch grape-like clusters. Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Mahonia aquifolium to produce fruit. Holly mahonia (in some places called hollyleaved barberry and Oregon grape holly) can be propagated by seed or using a sucker or using a cutting. This plant is thought to originate from Scotland, North America and Northwest US.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Mahonia aquifolium is a woody perennial. Holly mahonia (locally known in some parts as hollyleaved barberry and Oregon grape holly) is evergreen. Leaves: This plant has holly like compound leaves. The flowers are most often a yellow color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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