Mentha x piperita
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Mentha x piperita


  family lamiaceae 
  genus mentha 

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Genus  Mentha Species  x piperita Variety  Cultivar  Common names  peppermint Family  LAMIACEAE Specimen number  S11719 Data source  HtZn p141;MedPl p112
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' - 3' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Despite its invasive tendency, this plant is still worthwhile to have. Mentha x piperita can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. Peppermint needs summer days with high heat. This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It usually does best in moist soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities  Invasive
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  carminative   antispasmodic   diaphoretic   cholagogue   antiseptic Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Essential oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Do not take essential oil internally without professional guidance. Medicinal notes  It is quite flavorful. Mentha x piperita is most often used as seasoning. Peppermint has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as a carminative, as an antispasmodic, as a diaphoretic and as a cholagogue. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. The aerial parts and the essential oil are used in herbal preparations. Do not take essential oil internally without professional guidance.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  aromatic leaves Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Seasoning Nutritional value  Edible parts  Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  quite flavorful
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Mentha x piperita is a perennial. Leaves: Peppermint has pointed oval leaves with purple-green undersides. Flowers: This plant has flowers in spikes. August is the usual month for flowering. The blossoms are most often a violet color.

Page 2985 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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