Monarda fistulosa
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Monarda fistulosa

wild bee balm
wild bergamot

  family lamiaceae 
  genus monarda 

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Genus  Monarda Species  fistulosa Variety  Cultivar  Common names  wild bee balm   wild bergamot Family  LAMIACEAE Specimen number  S11789 Data source  HtZn p143;HumGrdn p51;Frgnt p175;Xeri p283
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  3' - 4' Overall spread  1' 6"
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Loam Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Monarda fistulosa is a butterfly attractor. Wild bergamot (also known as wild bee balm) attracts hummingbirds. Only bee-lovers should consider this plant for their gardens. The leaves of this plant have a mild resinous aroma. This species can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. The best soil for this species has a texture that is loamy. It prefers dry soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  yes Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities  Attracts bees Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  aromatic leaves. resinous minty Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Resinous Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Cut back flowers at end of flowering season. Monarda fistulosa is thought to originate from Eastern North America.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Monarda fistulosa is a perennial. Flowers: Wild bergamot (locally known in some parts as wild bee balm) has 1" long blossoms of tiny tubular flowers in one or two whorls at the top of tall square stems. Blossoms in such colors as lilac, purple and pink are common.

Page 3049 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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