Monarda punctata
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Monarda punctata

spotted bee balm

  family lamiaceae 
  genus monarda 

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Genus  Monarda Species  punctata Variety  Cultivar  Common names  spotted bee balm   horsemint Family  LAMIACEAE Specimen number  S11798 Data source  HtZn p143;MedPl p234;Frgnt p299
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' - 4' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to light shade Water  Dry to moist Optimal soil texture  Loam Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Monarda punctata is a butterfly attractor. Spotted bee balm (also known as horsemint) has a good supply of nectar that hummingbirds feed on. Only bee-lovers should consider this plant for their gardens. This plant has faint sweet leaves. This species can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species likes soils that are loamy. Full sun to light shade is best for growing this plant. It does well in dry to moist soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  yes Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities  Attracts bees Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  carminative   antiemetic   respiratory antiseptic   diaphoretic   emmenagogue   emollient Medicinal parts  Aerial parts Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Monarda punctata has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a carminative, as an antiemetic, as a respiratory antiseptic and as a diaphoretic. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. Spotted bee balm (sometimes called horsemint) is not to be taken by pregnant women. The plant parts used in herbal preparations are the aerial parts.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  aromatic leaves. sweet scented Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Faint Fragrance category  Faintly sweet Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Monarda punctata is a wildflower.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Flowers: Monarda punctata has purple spots that accentuate the tubular flowers. The flowers are typically of a yellow color, with an accent in purple.

Page 3054 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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