Osmunda cinnamomea
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Osmunda cinnamomea

buckhorn
cinnamon fern
fiddleheads

  family osmundaceae 
  genus osmunda 

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Identification
Genus  Osmunda Species  cinnamomea Variety  Cultivar  Common names  buckhorn   cinnamon fern   fiddleheads Family  OSMUNDACEAE Specimen number  S11960 Data source  HtZn p148;HumGrdn p52
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Fern Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Decumbent Overall height  3' Overall spread  2'
 
Climate
Sunshine  Partial shade Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 04,23,29 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 02a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Osmunda cinnamomea has a good supply of nectar that hummingbirds feed on. Cinnamon fern (also known as fiddleheads and buckhorn) can survive the coldest of winter climates with annual temperatures as low as -50 Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species does best in partial shade. It needs soil that is moist. Cinnamon-brown sporangia appears on top of fertile fronds in spring and is a favorite of hummingbirds for lining their nests.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  yes Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Rhizome Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  Osmunda cinnamomea is typically propagated using the plant's rhizomes. Cinnamon fern (in some places called fiddleheads and buckhorn) may have originated from Eastern North America.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Osmunda cinnamomea is a perennial. Cinnamon fern (locally known in some parts as fiddleheads and buckhorn) is deciduous in nature. Leaves: This plant has classic fern leaves.

Page 3357 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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