Panax quinquefolius
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Panax quinquefolius

American ginseng

  family araliaceae 
  genus panax 

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Genus  Panax Species  quinquefolius Variety  Cultivar  Common names  American ginseng Family  ARALIACEAE Specimen number  S11678 Data source  HtZn p150
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  6" - 1' 8" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Partial to full shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Organic Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 05a-08b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Panax quinquefolius has attractive berries during the winter. American ginseng can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -20� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species likes soils that are organic. Partial to full shade is ideal for this plant. It does well in moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  small red berries in the autumn Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  tonic Medicinal parts  Root Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Panax quinquefolius is typically used as herbal tea. American ginseng may have beneficial uses as a tonic. Only the root is used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Herbal tea Nutritional value  Edible parts  Roots Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Panax quinquefolius is a perennial. Leaves: American ginseng has compound leaves that emerge directly from thick roots. Flowers: This plant has tiny flower clusters. Blossoms appear in May and continue through August. The flowers are typically of a chartreuse color.

Page 3400 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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