Papaver somniferum
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Papaver somniferum

opium poppy

  family papaveraceae 
  genus papaver 

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Genus  Papaver Species  somniferum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  opium poppy Family  PAPAVERACEAE Specimen number  S11804 Data source  HtZn p150;MedPl p242;Frgnt p266;Xeri p276
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  3' - 4' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  No extra water Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 05a-07b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Papaver somniferum have a strong rank smelling smell. Opium poppy can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -20� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species requires no extra water once established.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  analgesic   narcotic   antispasmodic Medicinal parts  Latex Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  highly addictive Medicinal notes  Papaver somniferum is considered by some to be an herbal remedy. It's used as an analgesic, a narcotic or an antispasmodic. Opium poppy should only be used under professional guidance. This plant is legally restricted in some countries. Only the latex is used in herbal preparations. highly addictive.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  rank heavy odor Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Strong Fragrance category  Rank Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Propagation of Papaver somniferum can be achieved by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Papaver somniferum has an annual life cycle. Leaves: Opium poppy has deeply lobed, hairy leaves. Flowers: This plant has flowers that pop open with paper thin petals that surround yellow centers. The flowers appear in various colors.

Page 3418 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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