Persea americana
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Persea americana

alligator pear

  family lauraceae 
  genus persea 

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Genus  Persea Species  americana Variety  Cultivar  Common names  avocado   alligator pear Family  LAURACEAE Specimen number  S9286 Data source  GrUnFr p22-26;MedPl p118
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  60' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 09a-11 AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  This somewhat tender plant can only survive cold winter nights that dip to 20� Fahrenheit.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  astringent   carminative   antitussive   emmenagogue   emollient   carminative   anthelmintic Medicinal parts  Leaves   Seeds   Fruit   Bark Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The fruit is green in flesh with a large round stone. It has a buttery nutty flavor. There are many nutritional properties of merit in Persea americana; for example vitamins, calcium, iron and phosphorus can all be found. For even more, see the full list of nutritional values. Avocado (sometimes called alligator pear) is typically used as oil. This plant is most often used fresh. This species has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as an astringent, as a carminative, as an antitussive and as an emmenagogue. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. The leaves and the seeds and the fruit and even the bark are used to prepare herbal remedies.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Oil Nutritional value  Vitamins   Calcium   Iron   Phosphorus   Protein Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts green in flesh with a large round stone Flavor / texture  has a buttery nutty flavor
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Persea americana to produce fruit. Avocado (in some places called alligator pear) may have originated from Central and South America.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Persea americana is deciduous in nature.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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