Picea abies
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Picea abies

Norway spruce

  family pinaceae 
  genus picea 

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Genus  Picea Species  abies Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Norway spruce Family  PINACEAE Specimen number  S12733 Data source  DyePl p70;HtZn p154
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  40' - 60' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 02a-07b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 07-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The stems of Picea abies as well as the leaves have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Yellowish-brown is the most typical color produced by Norway spruce. Spruce is used in Lapland for dyeing. Fabrics dyed with these plant parts include wool and cotton. When dyeing with this plant, alum is used as a mordant to fix the color to the fabric. This plant can survive the coldest of winter climates with annual temperatures as low as -50� Fahrenheit. It won't do too well if the winter temperatures are consistently above 5� Fahrenheit. This species does very well with hot summer days. This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It needs soil that is moist, well drained.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Stems   Leaves Dye color  yellowish-brown
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Picea abies is considered to have originated from Lapland.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Picea abies is a woody perennial. Norway spruce is evergreen.

Page 3624 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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