Polygonatum biflorum
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Polygonatum biflorum

small Solomon's seal

  family convallariaceae 
  genus polygonatum 

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Identification
Genus  Polygonatum Species  biflorum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  small Solomon's seal Family  CONVALLARIACEAE Specimen number  S11667 Data source  HtZn p157;HumGrdn p57
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Herbaceous perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Spreading Overall height  1' - 3' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Full shade Water  Well drained Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 22-23 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Polygonatum biflorum is a good hummingbird feeder. Small Solomon's seal has attractive berries during the winter. This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40 Fahrenheit. This species needs summer days with high heat. Full shade is ideal for this plant. It prefers well drained soils.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  yes Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  blue berries Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Rhizome Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  Polygonatum biflorum is typically propagated using the plant's rhizomes. Small Solomon's seal is considered to have originated from Eastern US and North America.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Polygonatum biflorum is an herbaceous perennial. Leaves: Small Solomon's seal has smooth attractive green leaves with prominent parallel veins. Flowers: This plant has drooping bell-shaped flowers dangling below upraised leaves along arching stems and appearing in pairs. Flowers begin in May and don't stop until July. The blossoms are usually either citron or white.

Page 3738 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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