Portulaca oleracea
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Portulaca oleracea

Indian cress

  family portulacaceae 
  genus portulaca 

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Genus  Portulaca Species  oleracea Variety  Cultivar  Common names  purslane   Indian cress   verdolaga   carti-choy   portulaca   pourpier Family  PORTULACACEAE Specimen number  S12025 Data source  MedPl p253;UnVeg p323;Xeri p276
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 05 Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Full sun to partial shade is ideal for Portulaca oleracea. Portulaca oleracea is known as verdolaga in Mexican, carti-choy in Chinese, portulaca in Italian and pourpier in French.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  demulcent   febrifuge   antidiarrheal   antibiotic   anthelmintic Medicinal parts  Aerial parts Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The leaves of this plant and the stems are both edible. Some of the vitamins and minerals found in Portulaca oleracea include: vitamin B complex and vitamin C. Indian cress (sometimes called purslane) is most frequently used cooked or fresh. This plant has herbal applications as a demulcent, as a febrifuge, as an antidiarrheal and as an antibiotic. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. This species should not be used by anyone who is pregnant. Herbal remedies are only prepared from the aerial parts.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Beds Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period  Apr 01 - Nov 30 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Hardy Heat requirement  Any Fertilizer  Potassium Time to harvest  early summer to late fall
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Cooked Nutritional value  Vitamin B complex   Vitamin C Edible parts  Leaves   Stems Description of edible parts mucilaginous and fleshy Flavor / texture  acidic tasting
Horticulture notes  New crops can be started from April through November, providing an 8 month rotation. Potassium is required for optimal growth. The best harvesting period is early summer to late fall. Portulaca oleracea is typically propagated by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Portulaca oleracea is a perennial. The flowers are most often a yellow color.

Page 3789 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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