Prunella vulgaris
   compleat botanica    plants    specimen names    Specimen (Po - Pt)   
This page was created using standard templates and sample data from
The Compleat Botanica.

Learn how you can publish your own plant pictures and plant-related data using
The Compleat Botanica.









Prunella vulgaris

xu ku cao

  family lamiaceae 
  genus prunella 

More specimen entries
[prev]  [prunella vulgaris]  [Next]


Genus  Prunella Species  vulgaris Variety  Cultivar  Common names  heal-all   self-heal   xu ku cao Family  LAMIACEAE Specimen number  S11523 Data source  HtZn p159;MedPl p122
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' - 1' 8" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to light shade Water  Dry, well drained Optimal soil texture  Average Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Prunella vulgaris is a butterfly attractor. Only bee-lovers should consider this plant for their gardens. Heal-all (also known as self-heal) can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. Prunella vulgaris is known as xu ku cao in Chinese. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species grows well in average soils. Full sun to light shade is best for growing this plant. It needs soil that is dry, well drained.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities  Attracts bees Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  vulnerary   astringent   hemostatic   hypotensive Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Flowers Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Prunella vulgaris has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as a vulnerary, as an astringent, as a hemostatic and as a hypotensive. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. The aerial parts and the flowers are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Stolon Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Propagation of Prunella vulgaris can be achieved with the stolons.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Prunella vulgaris is a perennial. Flowers: Heal-all (locally known in some parts as self-heal) has small spikes of tiny flower blossoms. Flowers begin in June and don't stop until October. The blossoms are most often a violet color.

Page 3852 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


  Order your copy here