Prunus maritima
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Prunus maritima

beach plum

  family rosaceae 
  genus prunus 

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Genus  Prunus Species  maritima Variety  Cultivar  Common names  beach plum Family  ROSACEAE Specimen number  S10435 Data source  DyePl p94;Frgnt p309;Xeri p306
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  6' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Prunus maritima has flowers that are mildly sweet. The leaves of Beach plum have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Yellow is the most typical color produced by this plant. Beach plum was used by the American pilgrims for dyeing. When dyeing with this plant, alum is used as a mordant to fix the color to the fabric. This species can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. It prefers dry soils. This plant is drought tolerant. This species tolerates windy and salty seaside conditions.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  yes Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  fragrant Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Faintly sweet Dye parts  Leaves Dye color  yellow
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Prunus maritima is a wildflower and most likely originates from New England (US).
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Prunus maritima is a woody perennial. Beach plum is deciduous in nature.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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