Rosmarinus officinalis
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Rosmarinus officinalis


  family lamiaceae 
  genus rosmarinus 

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Genus  Rosmarinus Species  officinalis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  rosemary Family  LAMIACEAE Specimen number  S11323 Data source  ColorNat p23;HtZn p164;MedPl p125;Frgnt p170;Xeri p299
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' - 3' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 08-09 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 07a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Rosmarinus officinalis has mild sweet leaves. The leaves of Rosemary as well as the flowers have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Yellow-green is the most typical color produced by this plant. It is traditionally used to dye wool. (Alum is typically used as a mordant to fix the colors.) This species can survive cold winter nights that go as low as 0� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. It usually does best in dry soils. This species tolerates occasional periods of drought.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  tonic   stimulant   astringent   nerve tonic   anti-inflammatory   carminative Medicinal parts  Leaves   Essential oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Do not take essential oil internally without professional guidance. Medicinal notes  Rosmarinus officinalis is most often used cooked. Rosemary has traditionally been used in many herbal remedies including: as a tonic, as a stimulant, as an astringent and as a nerve tonic. (More are listed in the medicinal properties section.) The leaves and the essential oil are used in herbal preparations. Do not take essential oil internally without professional guidance.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  aromatic leaves. fragrant foliage Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Faintly sweet Dye parts  Leaves   Flowers Dye color  yellow-green
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked Nutritional value  Edible parts  Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Rosmarinus officinalis is considered to have originated from Southern Europe.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Rosmarinus officinalis is a perennial. Leaves: Rosemary has needlelike leaves. Flowers: This plant has small flower clusters along the stems. The blossoms are usually a violet color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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