Sanguinaria canadensis
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Sanguinaria canadensis

red puccoon

  family papaveraceae 
  genus sanguinaria 

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Genus  Sanguinaria Species  canadensis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  bloodroot   turmeric   red-root   red puccoon Family  PAPAVERACEAE Specimen number  S11505 Data source  DyePl p17;DyeFib p41;HtZn p165;MedPl p263;Poison p98
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Herbaceous perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit    Overall height  8" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Partial shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Rich Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The rhizomes of Sanguinaria canadensis as well as the roots have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Red is the most typical color produced by Bloodroot (also known as turmeric, red-root or red puccoon). This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. This species needs summer days with high heat. The optimal soil texture for this plant is one that is rich. Partial shade is needed for this species to do its best. It needs soil that is moist, well drained.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Roots   Leaves Poisonous indications  It contains the alkaloid sanguinarine causing nervous system depression, vomiting, diarrhea, fainting, shock, coma. Internal poison  yes Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  expectorant   antiseptic   anesthetic   antispasmodic   antifungal   emetic Medicinal parts  Rhizome Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  It is toxic in overdose Medicinal notes  Sanguinaria canadensis has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as an expectorant, as an antiseptic, as an anesthetic and as an antispasmodic. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. Bloodroot (sometimes called turmeric, red-root or red puccoon) is only to be administered with proper professional knowledge. This plant should not be used by anyone who is pregnant. Herbal remedies are only prepared from the rhizome. It is toxic in overdose. The roots of this plant as well as the leaves are toxic. It is poisonous if ingested. It contains the alkaloid sanguinarine causing nervous system depression, vomiting, diarrhea, fainting, shock, coma.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Rhizomes   Roots Dye color  red
Propagule  Division   Rhizome Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Sanguinaria canadensis is often propagated by division or using the plant's rhizomes. Bloodroot (in some places called turmeric, red-root or red puccoon) is thought to originate from Eastern Canada and Eastern US.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Sanguinaria canadensis is an herbaceous perennial. Leaves: Bloodroot (locally known in some parts as turmeric, red-root or red puccoon) has deeply lobed rounded leaves. Flowers: This plant has solitary flowers each with 8 to 10 petals. Blossoms appear in March and continue through June. The blossoms are most often a white color, with an accent in gold.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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