Sesamum indicum
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Sesamum indicum

hei zhi ma

  family pedaliaceae 
  genus sesamum 

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Genus  Sesamum Species  indicum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  benne   gingili   sesame   hei zhi ma Family  PEDALIACEAE Specimen number  S11387 Data source  HtZn p168;MedPl p268
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' 6" - 3' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun Water  Well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  Above 40� F AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-07 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  This very tender plant can only survive nighttime temperatures of 40� Fahrenheit. Sesamum indicum needs summer days with high heat. Full sun is ideal for Sesame (also known as benne and gingili). Sesamum indicum is known as hei zhi ma in Chinese. It usually does best in well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  hypoglycemic   liver tonic   tinnitus remedy   galactagogue Medicinal parts  Seeds   Seed oil   Root Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The seeds are nutty and contain a useful oil. Sesamum indicum is most often used as oil. Sesame (sometimes called benne and gingili) has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a hypoglycemic, as a liver tonic, as a tinnitus remedy and as a galactagogue. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. The seeds and the seed oil and even the root are used to prepare herbal remedies.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Oil Nutritional value  Edible parts  Seeds Description of edible parts nutty and contain a useful oil Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Sesamum indicum has an annual life cycle. Leaves: Sesame (locally known in some parts as benne and gingili) has 3" to 5" oval leaves. Flowers: This plant has 1" bell shaped flowers which emerge between stem and leaf. The flowers are usually a white color.

Page 4413 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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