Solanum melongena
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Solanum melongena

Japanese eggplant

  family solanaceae 
  genus solanum 

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Genus  Solanum Species  melongena Variety  Cultivar  Common names  eggplant   Japanese eggplant   nasu Family  SOLANACEAE Specimen number  S12047 Data source  MedPl p268;UnVeg p173
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual,Biennial Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 26 Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Full sun to partial shade is needed for Solanum melongena to do its best. Solanum melongena is known as nasu in Japanese.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  lowers cholesterol   emollient Medicinal parts  Fruit   Juice   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  The leaves are toxic if taken internally Medicinal notes  It is smaller and more flavorful than typical eggplant. Solanum melongena is most often used pickled or cooked. Japanese eggplant (sometimes called eggplant) is thought to have beneficial uses as either a cholesterol reducer or an emollient. The fruit together with the juice and the leaves are considered to be the valuable parts by the herbalist. The leaves are toxic if taken internally.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Bush Crop spacing  3' Row spacing  3' Cold frame  Planting period  May 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Tender Heat requirement  Hot Fertilizer  No fertilizer Time to harvest  70 to 90 days
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked   Pickled Nutritional value  Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  smaller and more flavorful than typical eggplant
Horticulture notes  The best month for planting is May. Provide 3' spacing when grown in quantity. Separate each row by approximately 3'. It requires hot days for good production. Estimated time to harvest is 70 to 90 days. Propagation of Solanum melongena can be achieved by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 4463 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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