Trillium erectum
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Trillium erectum

purple trillium

  family trilliaceae 
  genus trillium 

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Genus  Trillium Species  erectum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  purple trillium   squawroot Family  TRILLIACEAE Specimen number  S11489 Data source  HtZn p177;MedPl p276;Frgnt p268
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  6" - 1' 6" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Partial to full shade Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Rich Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 02a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Trillium erectum have a mildly rank smelling aroma. Purple trillium (also known as squawroot) can survive the coldest of winter climates with annual temperatures as low as -50� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. The optimal soil texture for this species is one that is rich. This plant does best in partial to full shade. It likes moist soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  amenorrheic   gynecologic   hemostatic Medicinal parts  Rhizome Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Trillium erectum is used as a traditional herbal remedy. It's used as an amenorrheic, a gynecologic and a hemostatic. Purple trillium (sometimes called squawroot) should not be used by anyone who is pregnant. Herbal remedies are only prepared from the rhizome.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  unpleasant odor Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Rank Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Flowers: Trillium erectum has solitary flowers of three petals and three sepals. The blossoms are most often a maroon color.

Page 4737 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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