Tropaeolum majus
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Tropaeolum majus

Indian cress

  family tropaeolaceae 
  genus tropaeolum 

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Genus  Tropaeolum Species  majus Variety  Cultivar  Common names  nasturtium   Indian cress Family  TROPAEOLACEAE Specimen number  S11975 Data source  HtZn p177;HumGrdn p55;MedPl p276;UnVeg p253;Xeri p278;Xeri p305
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Depends on climate Stature  Vine Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread  5' - 15'
Sunshine  Full sun Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 28-29 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05,07 USDA hardiness  Above 40� F AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Tropaeolum majus attracts hummingbirds. This very tender plant can only survive nighttime temperatures of 40� Fahrenheit. Nasturtium (also known as Indian cress) needs summer days with high heat. This plant does best in full sun.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  yes Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  antibiotic   decongestant   antiseptic   antiscorbutic   purgative Medicinal parts  Flowers   Leaves   Seeds Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The flowers of this plant as well as the leaves and the seeds are all edible. Its most notable nutritional component is vitamin C. Tropaeolum majus is most frequently used pickled or fresh. Nasturtium (sometimes called Indian cress) has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as an antibiotic, as a decongestant, as an antiseptic and as an antiscorbutic. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. The flowers and the leaves and even the seeds are used to prepare herbal remedies.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Sprawling Crop spacing  4' Row spacing  4' Cold frame  Planting period  May 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Tender Heat requirement  Warm Fertilizer  No fertilizer Time to harvest  flowers--midsummer, seeds--early fall
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Pickled Nutritional value  Vitamin C Edible parts  Flowers   Leaves   Seeds Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has flowers that are hot and peppery, leaves that are similar to watercress and seeds that can be made into caper-like pickles
Horticulture notes  May is normally the best time to begin planting. Typical crop spacing is 4'. Space rows about 4' apart. It requires warm days for good production. Harvesting: flowers--midsummer, seeds--early fall. Tropaeolum majus is typically propagated by seed. Nasturtium (in some places called Indian cress) is thought to originate from Central and South America.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Tropaeolum majus has an annual life cycle. Leaves: Nasturtium (locally known in some parts as Indian cress) has rounded notched leaves. Flowers: This plant has 1" to 2" funnel shaped five-petaled flowers. Flowers occur in a range of colors including red, yellow, white and orange.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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