Urtica dioica
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Urtica dioica

stinging nettle

  family urticaceae 
  genus urtica 

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Genus  Urtica Species  dioica Variety  Cultivar  Common names  stinging nettle Family  URTICACEAE Specimen number  S14021 Data source  Allergy p284;ColorNat p21;DyePl p25;MedPl p145;UnVeg p257
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Decumbent Overall height  7' - 8' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 26 Acceptable soil pH  Slightly acidic USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The stems of Urtica dioica as well as the leaves and the flowers and the aerial parts and the whole plant have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Stinging nettle including yellow, green, dull gold, greenish yellow, beige and chart. It is used in dyeing wool. When dyeing with this plant, alum is used as a mordant to fix the color to the fabric. Full sun is needed for this plant to do its best.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Jul 01 - Sep 30 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  diuretic   tonic   astringent   hemostatic   antiallergenic   galactagogue   prostate tonic Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Root Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  It has a pleasant mild flavor. Some of the vitamins and minerals found in Urtica dioica include: vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron. For even more, see the full list of nutritional values. Stinging nettle is most commonly used cooked. This plant has traditionally been used in many herbal remedies including: as a diuretic, as a tonic, as an astringent and as a hemostatic. (More are listed in the medicinal properties section.) The aerial parts and the root are used in herbal preparations. This is a light producer of pollen but should cause problems to only the most sensitive hay fever sufferers. Hay fever season usually extends from July to September.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Stems   Leaves   Flowers   Aerial parts   Whole plant Dye color  yellow,green,dull gold,greenish yellow,beige,chart
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Tall stalks Crop spacing  4" Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period  Apr 01 - Apr 30 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Hardy Heat requirement  Any Fertilizer  Low nitrogen Time to harvest  spring to early summer
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked Nutritional value  Vitamin A   Vitamin C   Calcium   Iron   Protein Edible parts  Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has a pleasant mild flavor
Horticulture notes  The best month for planting is April. Provide 4" spacing when grown in quantity. Low nitrogen is required for optimal growth. The best harvesting period is spring to early summer. Propagation of Urtica dioica can be achieved by seed. Stinging nettle is a wildflower that occurs throughout US.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Urtica dioica has an annual life cycle.

Page 4799 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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