Viola tricolor
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Viola tricolor

heart's ease

  family violaceae 
  genus viola 

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Genus  Viola Species  tricolor Variety  Cultivar  Common names  heart's ease   Johnny-jump-up Family  VIOLACEAE Specimen number  S11250 Data source  CrscntBlm;HtZn p180;MedPl p280;Frgnt p268;Xeri p278
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  8" - 1' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Fertile Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  My Nursery Compost  no Size at acquisition  1 gallon Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The leaves of Viola tricolor have a mildly rank smelling aroma. Heart's ease (also known as Johnny-jump-up) can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. The optimal soil texture for this species is one that is fertile. It likes moist soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  expectorant   emollient Medicinal parts  Aerial parts Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Viola tricolor has been used in traditional herbal healing as either an expectorant or an emollient. The plant parts used in herbal preparations are the aerial parts.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  curiously unpleasant when crushed Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Rank Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  It does not necessarily require warm days for good production.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Viola tricolor has an annual life cycle. Flowers: Heart's ease (locally known in some parts as Johnny-jump-up) has flowers with three colored flat velvet faces. The blossoms are typically of a purple color, having accents of violet, yellow and purple.

Page 4919 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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