Vitis vinifera
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Vitis vinifera

wine grape

  family vitaceae 
  genus vitis 

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Genus  Vitis Species  vinifera Variety  Cultivar  Common names  wine grape Family  VITACEAE Specimen number  S9281 Data source  GrUnFr p138;MedPl p281
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Vine Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 06a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Vitis vinifera can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -10� Fahrenheit.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  astringent   anti-inflammatory   detoxifier   antisclerotic Medicinal parts  Leaves   Fruit   Sap Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The fruit is too plentiful in varieties to fully enumerate; each with its own skin color, sweetness and juiciness. Vitis vinifera is most often used as juice. Wine grape is a good source for the production of wine. This plant is most often used fresh. This species has herbal applications as an astringent, as an anti-inflammatory, as a detoxifier and as an antisclerotic. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. The leaves and the fruit and even the sap are used to prepare herbal remedies.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Cutting   Layering Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing  3' - 6' Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period  Oct 01 - Nov 30 Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Wine   Juice Nutritional value  Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts too plentiful in varieties to fully enumerate; each with its own skin color, sweetness and juiciness Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Vitis vinifera to produce fruit. Typical crop spacing is 3'. Harvest time is October and November. Wine grape is often propagated using a cutting or by layering. This plant probably originates from Armenia and Caspian Sea.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Vitis vinifera is deciduous in nature.

Page 4931 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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