Citrus bergamia
   compleat botanica    plants    specimen names    Specimen (Ci - Cn)   
This page was created using standard templates and sample data from
The Compleat Botanica.

Learn how you can publish your own plant pictures and plant-related data using
The Compleat Botanica.









Citrus bergamia

Bergamot orange

  family rutaceae 
  genus citrus 

More specimen entries
[prev]  [citrus bergamia]  [Next]


Genus  Citrus Species  bergamia Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Bergamot orange   bergamot Family  RUTACEAE Specimen number  S10323 Data source  GrUnFr p247;MedPl p189;Frgnt p207
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  20' - 30' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 08a-09b,11 AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The oil of Citrus bergamia have a mild perfume scented fragrance. Bergamot (also known as Bergamot orange) can survive cold winter nights that go as low as 10� Fahrenheit.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  antispasmodic   digestive tonic Medicinal parts  Essential oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Do not take essential oil internally. Medicinal notes  The fruit is 2 to 3 inch diameter, round slightly flattened at one end, and an orange colored aromatic rind which is used commercially for its oil. Citrus bergamia is most often used as oil. Bergamot (sometimes called Bergamot orange) has been used in traditional herbal healing as either an antispasmodic or a digestive tonic. Traditional medicinal remedies are made from the essential oil. Do not take essential oil internally.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  sweet essential oil Fragrance parts  Oil Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Perfume Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Buds   Cutting   Seed Pollination method  Parthenocarpic Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period  Dec 01 - Feb 28 Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Oil Nutritional value  Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts 2 to 3 inch diameter, round slightly flattened at one end, and an orange colored aromatic rind which is used commercially for its oil Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Citrus bergamia is parthenocarpic and thus requires no fertilization. December and February are the usual harvest months. Bergamot (in some places called Bergamot orange) is often propagated with buds or using a cutting or by seed. This plant is thought to originate from India, Thailand, southern China and Europe.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Citrus bergamia is evergreen.

Page 1152 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


  Order your copy here