Foeniculum dulce
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Foeniculum dulce

sweet fennel
Roman fennel
Florence fennel

  family apiaceae 
  genus foeniculum 

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Genus  Foeniculum Species  dulce Variety  Cultivar  Common names  sweet fennel   Roman fennel   Florence fennel   finocchio Family  APIACEAE Specimen number  S12011 Data source  Frgnt p338;UnVeg p179
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' - 2' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 07 Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The leaves of Foeniculum dulce have a mild anise scented aroma. Full sun to partial shade is best for growing Florence fennel (also known as sweet fennel and Roman fennel). Foeniculum dulce is known as finocchio in Italian.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The seeds of this plant and the leaves are both edible. Foeniculum dulce is typically used as herbal tea. Florence fennel (sometimes called sweet fennel and Roman fennel) is most often used cooked.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  anise scented Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Anise Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Bush Crop spacing  6" - 8" Row spacing  1' 6" Cold frame  Planting period  Apr 01 - Sep 30 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  No fertilizer Time to harvest  80 to 110 days
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Herbal tea   Cooked Nutritional value  Edible parts  Seeds   Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has fine leaves with anise flavor
Horticulture notes  New crops can be started from April through September, providing a 6 month rotation. Provide 6" spacing when grown in quantity. Separate each row by approximately 1' 6". It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Estimated time to harvest is 80 to 110 days. Foeniculum dulce is typically propagated by seed. Florence fennel (in some places called sweet fennel and Roman fennel) is a native plant in the natural environment.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Foeniculum dulce has an annual life cycle.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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