Foeniculum vulgare
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Foeniculum vulgare

sweet fennel

  family apiaceae 
  genus foeniculum 

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Genus  Foeniculum Species  vulgare Variety  Cultivar  Common names  sweet fennel Family  APIACEAE Specimen number  S10706 Data source  ColorNat p16;BtrflyCa p5;MedPl p210;Frgnt p176;Frgnt p101;Xeri p285
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  3' - 5' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Foeniculum vulgare is a host plant for the anise swallowtail butterfly. The leaves and flowers of Sweet fennel have a mild pungent odor. The flowers of this plant as well as the leaves and the whole plant have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by this species including mustard yellow, golden brown, bright yellow and gold. It is traditionally used to dye wool. (The mordants used for fixing the dye include: alum, chrome.) This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. It does well in moist soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Papillo zelicaon (anise swallowtail butterfly) Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  digestive stimulant   diuretic   anti-inflammatory   stone inhibitor   expectorant   astringent   galactagogue   conjunctivitis wash   obesity treatment Medicinal parts  Seeds   Essential oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Do not take essential oil internally. Do not exceed dosage of seeds. Medicinal notes  Foeniculum vulgare has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a digestive stimulant, as a diuretic, as an anti-inflammatory and as a stone inhibitor. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. The seeds and the essential oil are used in herbal preparations. Do not take essential oil internally. Do not exceed dosage of seeds.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  anise scented. bitter pungent aroma Fragrance parts  Leaves   Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Pungent Dye parts  Flowers   Leaves   Whole plant Dye color  mustard yellow,golden brown,bright yellow,gold
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Foeniculum vulgare is a perennial.

Page 1935 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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