Helleborus niger
   compleat botanica    plants    specimen names    Specimen (He - He)   
This page was created using standard templates and sample data from
The Compleat Botanica.

Learn how you can publish your own plant pictures and plant-related data using
The Compleat Botanica.









Helleborus niger

black hellebore
Christmas rose

  family ranunculaceae 
  genus helleborus 

More specimen entries
[prev]  [helleborus niger]  [Next]


Genus  Helleborus Species  niger Variety  Cultivar  Common names  black hellebore   Christmas rose Family  RANUNCULACEAE Specimen number  S10623 Data source  MedPl p217;Poison p84;Xeri p289
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Prostrate Overall height  1' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist to wet Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Helleborus niger can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. It prefers moist to wet soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Whole plant Poisonous indications  It causes salivation, tingling of throat, vomiting and diarrhea. Internal poison  yes Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  cardiac   purgative   anthelmintic Medicinal parts  Rhizome   Root   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Do not use medicinally -- it is extremely toxic Medicinal notes  Helleborus niger is used as a traditional herbal remedy. It's used as a cardiac, a purgative and an anthelmintic. The rhizome together with the root and the leaves are considered to be the valuable parts by the herbalist. Do not use medicinally -- it is extremely toxic. This whole plant is toxic. It is poisonous if ingested. It causes salivation, tingling of throat, vomiting and diarrhea.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Helleborus niger is a perennial. Flowers: Christmas rose (locally known in some parts as black hellebore) has 5 petaled flowers which are 2 to 3 inches across. Most often the flowers occur in either white or pink.

Page 2235 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


  Order your copy here