Parmelia saxatilis
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Parmelia saxatilis

shield lichen
gray stone-lichen
gra steinlav

  genus parmelia 

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Genus  Parmelia Species  saxatilis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  shield lichen   crottle   crotal   gray stone-lichen   gra steinlav Family  Specimen number  S8714 Data source  DyePl p60;DyePl p68
Life cycle
Life form  Bryophyte Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  This whole plant has been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Brownish red and brownish red are common colors produced with Parmelia saxatilis. Gray stone-lichen is used in Norway for dyeing. Parmelia saxatilis is known as gra steinlav in Norwegian.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Whole plant Dye color  brownish red,reddish-brown
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Parmelia saxatilis is considered to have originated from Eire and Norway.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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