Podophyllum peltatum
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Podophyllum peltatum

wild mandrake
raccoon berry
American mandrake
May apple

  family podophyllaceae 
  genus podophyllum 

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Genus  Podophyllum Species  peltatum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  wild mandrake   raccoon berry   American mandrake   May apple Family  PODOPHYLLACEAE Specimen number  S11671 Data source  HtZn p156;MedPl p250;Poison p98;Frgnt p266
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Herb Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  10" - 1' 6" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Partial to full shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Fertile Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 06-07 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Podophyllum peltatum has a colorful display of berries in the fall and early winter. May apple (also known as American mandrake, wild mandrake or raccoon berry) has mild rank smelling flowers. This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. This species needs summer days with high heat. The best soil for this plant has a texture that is fertile. Partial to full shade is best for growing this species. It likes moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  large berries Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Seeds   Stems   Roots Poisonous indications  The root can cause dermatitis, or when ingested, can cause respiratory stimulation, vomiting, catharsis, coma or death. Internal poison  yes Dermatologic poison  yes Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  anticarcinogenic Medicinal parts  Rhizome Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  It is cytotoxic if taken internally Medicinal notes  Podophyllum peltatum has been traditionally used as an anticarcinogenic. It is illegal in some countries to possess or use this plant without proper certification. Can be fatal if taken internally. Traditional medicinal remedies are made from the rhizome. It is cytotoxic if taken internally. The seeds of this plant as well as the stems and the roots are toxic. It is poisonous if ingested. It causes dermatitis when touched. The root can cause dermatitis, or when ingested, can cause respiratory stimulation, vomiting, catharsis, coma or death.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  unpleasant odor Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Rank Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Leaves: Podophyllum peltatum has huge deeply lobed leaves that arise from tall stems. Flowers: May apple (locally known in some parts as American mandrake, wild mandrake or raccoon berry) has inconspicuous. waxy, white nodding flower with 8 petals. Flowers occur in a range of colors including white, azure and blue.

Page 3717 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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