Prunus americana
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Prunus americana

wild plum
file prune
wild cherry
American plum

  family rosaceae 
  genus prunus 

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Genus  Prunus Species  americana Variety  Cultivar  Common names  wild plum   file prune   wild cherry   American plum Family  ROSACEAE Specimen number  S10464 Data source  DyeFib p129;Frgnt p309;Xeri p302;Xeri p299
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit    Overall height  35' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Prunus americana have a mild hawthorn smelling odor. The roots of Wild plum (also known as file prune, wild cherry or American plum) have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Reddish purple is the most typical color produced by this plant. This species can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. It likes dry soils. This plant tolerates occasional periods of drought.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  hawthorn-like scent Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Hawthorn Dye parts  Roots Dye color  reddish purple
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Prunus americana is a wildflower and is thought to originate from US and Canada.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Prunus americana is a woody perennial. Wild plum (locally known in some parts as file prune, wild cherry or American plum) is deciduous in nature.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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