Pteridium aquilinum
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Pteridium aquilinum

bracken fern
Bun Rainich

  family dennstaedtiaceae 
  genus pteridium 

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Genus  Pteridium Species  aquilinum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  bracken fern   Bun Rainich   brake Family  DENNSTAEDTIACEAE Specimen number  S14026 Data source  Allergy p283;DyePl p64;DyePl p60;DyePl p26,32;DyeFib p45
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle    Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Fern Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit    Overall height  2' - 7' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The roots of Pteridium aquilinum as well as the fiddleheads and the shoots have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Brake (also known as bracken fern) including yellow, green, light green, chartreuse, gray and greenish yellow. Pteridium aquilinum is known as Bun Rainich in Gaelic.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Jun 01 - Aug 31 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  This anemophilous species has only a light pollen count during hay fever season. Hay fever season usually extends from June to August.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Roots   Fiddleheads   Shoots Dye color  yellow,green,light green,chartreuse,gray,greenish yellow
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Pteridium aquilinum is a wildflower that occurs throughout US. Brake (in some places called bracken fern) most likely originates from Scotland, Eire and US.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 3901 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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