Scrophularia californica
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Scrophularia californica

California bee plant

  family scrophulariaceae 
  genus scrophularia 

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Genus  Scrophularia Species  californica Variety  Cultivar  Common names  figwort   California bee plant Family  SCROPHULARIACEAE Specimen number  S10197 Data source  CrscntBlm;BtrflyCa p45;HumGrdn p99
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 07a-09b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Harmony Farm Supply Compost  no Size at acquisition  4 inch pot Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Scrophularia californica is a host plant for the variable checkerspot butterfly. California bee plant (also known as figwort) has a good supply of nectar that hummingbirds feed on. This plant can survive cold winter nights that go as low as 0� Fahrenheit.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Euphydryas chalcedona (variable checkerspot butterfly) Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  yes Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Scrophularia californica is a perennial. Flowers: California bee plant (locally known in some parts as figwort) has tall stalks of very tiny flowers. The blossoms are typically of a maroon color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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