Vaccinium myrtillus
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Vaccinium myrtillus

Lus an Deare

  family ericaceae 
  genus vaccinium 

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Genus  Vaccinium Species  myrtillus Variety  Cultivar  Common names  blaeberry   whortleberry   Lus an Deare   bilberry   whinberry Family  ERICACEAE Specimen number  S11939 Data source  DyePl p65;GrUnFr p39;MedPl p278
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  6" - 1' 6" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 04-06 USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  A range of possible colors can be produced by Vaccinium myrtillus including brown, purple and blue. Blaeberry has been used in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland for dyeing. Vaccinium myrtillus is known as Lus an Deare in Gaelic.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  antibacterial   antisclerotic   urinary antiseptic Medicinal parts  Fruit   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  It is juicy and slightly acidic. As a food source, Vaccinium myrtillus is often used in jelly and in sweets. Blaeberry (sometimes called whortleberry, bilberry or whinberry) is most commonly used fresh. This plant is used as a traditional herbal remedy. It's used as an antibacterial, an antisclerotic and a urinary antiseptic. The fruit and the leaves are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color  brown,purple,blue
Propagule  Various Pollination method  Cross pollination Planting style    Crop spacing  2' Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period  Jul 01 - Aug 31 Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Jelly   Sweets Nutritional value  Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  juicy and slightly acidic
Horticulture notes  In order to produce fruit Vaccinium myrtillus needs to be cross-pollinated. Typical crop spacing is 2'. Harvest time is July and August. Blaeberry (in some places called whortleberry, bilberry or whinberry) probably originates from Scotland and Northern Europe.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Vaccinium myrtillus is deciduous in nature.

Page 4820 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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