Vaccinium vitis-idaea
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Vaccinium vitis-idaea

mountain cranberry
red whortleberry

  family ericaceae 
  genus vaccinium 

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Genus  Vaccinium Species  vitis-idaea Variety  Cultivar  Common names  mountain cranberry   lingonberry   cowberry   red whortleberry Family  ERICACEAE Specimen number  S12737 Data source  DyePl p70;GrUnFr p98;MedPl p278
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The stems of Vaccinium vitis-idaea as well as the leaves have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Red and red are common colors produced with Mountain cranberry (also known as lingonberry, cowberry or red whortleberry). Mountain cranberry is used in Lapland for dyeing. Fabrics dyed with these plant parts include wool, linen and cotton.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  urinary antiseptic Medicinal parts  Fruit   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries are red colored with excellent acidity. Vaccinium vitis-idaea is typically used in jelly. Mountain cranberry (sometimes called lingonberry, cowberry or red whortleberry) has been traditionally used as a urinary antiseptic. The fruit and the leaves are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Stems   Leaves Dye color  red,yellow
Propagule  Various Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Jelly Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries Description of edible parts red colored with excellent acidity Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Vaccinium vitis-idaea is self fertile. Mountain cranberry (in some places called lingonberry, cowberry or red whortleberry) is thought to originate from Lapland and Northern Europe.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Vaccinium vitis-idaea is evergreen.

Page 4828 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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