Valeriana officinalis
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Valeriana officinalis

garden valerian
garden heliotrope

  family valerianaceae 
  genus valeriana 

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Identification
Genus  Valeriana Species  officinalis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  garden valerian   garden heliotrope Family  VALERIANACEAE Specimen number  S11660 Data source  HtZn p178;MedPl p146;Frgnt p60;Xeri p291
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' - 4' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist to wet Optimal soil texture  Average Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Valeriana officinalis have a strongly rank smelling aroma. Garden valerian (also known as garden heliotrope) can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40 Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species grows well in average soils. It does well in moist to wet soils.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  sedative   relaxant   antispasmodic   hypotensive Medicinal parts  Root   Rhizome Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Valeriana officinalis has herbal applications as a sedative, as a relaxant, as an antispasmodic and as a hypotensive. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. The root and the rhizome are used in herbal preparations.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  honey-vanilla scented flowers. strongy scented from afar, fetid odor up clos Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Strong Fragrance category  Rank Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes 
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Valeriana officinalis is a perennial. Leaves: Garden valerian (locally known in some parts as garden heliotrope) has fernlike leaves. Flowers: This plant has small tubular flat topped flowers. Flowers occur in a range of colors including white, pink, red and lavender.

Page 4833 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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