Verbascum thapsus
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Verbascum thapsus

flannel plant
candlewick plant
velvet plant
flannel mullein

  family scrophulariaceae 
  genus verbascum 

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Identification
Genus  Verbascum Species  thapsus Variety  Cultivar  Common names  flannel plant   candlewick plant   velvet plant   flannel mullein Family  SCROPHULARIACEAE Specimen number  S11449 Data source  ColorNat p20;DyeFib p89;HtZn p179;MedPl p279
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Herbaceous perennial Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit    Overall height  6' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Full sun Water  Well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 05a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 07-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The leaves of Verbascum thapsus as well as the flowers and the stalks have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Flannel mullein (also known as flannel plant, candlewick plant or velvet plant) including yellow, gold, bright yellow, moss green and dark yellow-green. This plant can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -20 Fahrenheit. This species does very well with hot summer days. Full sun is ideal for this plant. It needs soil that is well drained.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  decongestant   emollient   vulnerary Medicinal parts  Leaves   Flowers Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Verbascum thapsus is used as a traditional herbal remedy. It's used as a decongestant, an emollient and a vulnerary. The leaves and the flowers are used in herbal preparations.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Leaves   Flowers   Stalks Dye color  yellow,gold,bright yellow,moss green,dark yellow-green
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  Verbascum thapsus most likely originates from US and Canada.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Verbascum thapsus is an herbaceous perennial. Leaves: Flannel mullein (locally known in some parts as flannel plant, candlewick plant or velvet plant) has coarse leaves in rosette arrangement. Flowers: This plant has flowers borne in single spikes on sturdy stems above the leaves. The blossoms are most often a yellow color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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